English including phonics

The school aims to develop confident, articulate children who are able to communicate effectively through the written and spoken word – and relish the opportunity to read and write in a variety of contexts; we aim for all children to develop a love for reading and writing which will serve them well throughout their secondary education and adult life.

We use the National Curriculum as a basis for developing the children’s reading, writing, speaking and listening skills. The children undertake a daily dedicated English lesson, including one extended writing session each week.

At Whiston Junior and Infant School we aim:

  • to enable children to speak clearly and audibly in ways which take account of their listeners;
  • to encourage children to listen with concentration in order to be able to identify the main points of what they have heard;
  • to enable children to adapt their speech to a wide range of circumstances and demands;
  • to develop as confident, independent readers through an appropriate focus on word, sentence and text-level knowledge;
  • to encourage children to become enthusiastic and reflective readers through contact with challenging and lengthy texts;
  • to help children enjoy writing and recognise its value;
  • to enable children to write with accuracy and meaning in narrative and non-fiction;
  • to develop the children’s ability to use planning, drafting and editing to improve their work.


At Whiston Junior and Infant School we use a variety of teaching and learning techniques. Our principal aim is to develop children’s knowledge, skills and understanding in English. We do this through a daily lesson that has a proportion of whole-class and group teaching. During these lessons, children experience a range of activities covering expected objectives. They have the opportunity to experience a wide range of texts and use a range of resources to support their work. Children use ICT in English lessons where it enhances their learning, as in drafting their work and using multimedia to study how words and images are combined to convey meaning. Wherever possible we encourage children to use and apply their learning in other areas of the curriculum. Making links between curriculum subjects and areas of learning can deepen children’s understanding by providing opportunities to reinforce and enhance learning. It can enrich the curriculum and support achievement and enjoyment. Targetted support is put in place for those children working below age related expectations in key areas including language acquisition.

However, at Whiston Junior and Infant School we see English teaching as something that must be, and is, embedded across all lessons and activities across the day. From speaking clearly and articulately to lunchtime staff, to writing at length as part of a history topic, the development of key literacy skills are of paramount importance to our school curriculum.

There is also an emphasis on giving children the technical knowledge and language through which they can discuss and improve their work, helping them to become reflective and proactive learners. They are explicitly taught grammar terminology and spelling rules, and we have a strong emphasis on the home-school link to support spelling development.

Children in our school spend lots of time reading. Our reading curriculum allows pupils to read for pleasure as well as widely and often, and allows pupils to take quizzes to test their knowledge and understanding. Children have access to a wide variety of books in their classrooms and have access to the school’s new library (Summer 19). Reading is developed using a variety of strategies across the school: Across school, texts are read together as a whole class, in groups and individually.  Reading strategies are modelled, discussed and practised. 

Home reading logs are used to record how often children are reading at home; these are used by all children who are learning basic reading skills. 

In the teaching of spelling and phonics, we aim to establish consistent practice, progression and continuity throughout the school.

High quality phonics sessions are taught daily in Reception and Key Stage 1 classes, enhanced by a multi-sensory teaching approach, taking account of different learning styles including visual, auditory and kinaesthetic. These lessons are based on Letters and Sounds programme. for further information on phonics go to the Y1 Phonics tab. Phonics Tab

File icon: pdf 2017_English_Policy.pdf [pdf 889KB] Click to download
File icon: pdf 2019 Reading Curriculum_ and Progression_Map.pdf [pdf 960KB] Click to download
File icon: pdf 2019_EYFS_policy___parent_guide.pdf [pdf 839KB] Click to download
File icon: pdf Letters_and_Sounds_-_DFES-00281-2007.pdf [pdf 9MB] Click to download
File icon: pdf 2020_Phonics_Policy.pdf [pdf 6MB] Click to download
File icon: pdf Phonics_core_criteria_and_the_self-assessment_process.pdf [pdf 102KB] Click to download
File icon: pdf PRIMARY_national_curriculum_-_English_220714.pdf [pdf 1MB] Click to download
File icon: pdf English_Glossary.pdf [pdf 1MB] Click to download
File icon: pdf English_Genres_from_the_Comprehension_Sections_of_the_2014_Curriculum_by_Year_Group.pdf [pdf 314KB] Click to download
File icon: pdf Year_1 curriculum.pdf [pdf 711KB] Click to download
File icon: pdf Year_1_Spelling_Appendix.pdf [pdf 818KB] Click to download
File icon: pdf Year_1_Vocabulary__Grammar_and_Punctuation_Appendix.pdf [pdf 555KB] Click to download
File icon: pdf Year_2 curriculum.pdf [pdf 727KB] Click to download
File icon: pdf Year_2_Spelling_Appendix.pdf [pdf 751KB] Click to download
File icon: pdf Year_2_Vocabulary__Grammar_and_Punctuation_Appendix.pdf [pdf 566KB] Click to download
File icon: pdf Year_3 curriculum.pdf [pdf 687KB] Click to download
File icon: pdf Year_3-4_Spelling_Appendix.pdf [pdf 932KB] Click to download
File icon: pdf Year_3_Vocabulary__Grammar_and_Punctuation_Appendix.pdf [pdf 566KB] Click to download
File icon: pdf Year_4 curriculum.pdf [pdf 692KB] Click to download
File icon: pdf Year_4_Vocabulary__Grammar_and_Punctuation_Appendix.pdf [pdf 556KB] Click to download
File icon: pdf Year_5 curriculum.pdf [pdf 703KB] Click to download
File icon: pdf Year_5-6_Spelling_Appendix.pdf [pdf 921KB] Click to download
File icon: pdf Year_5_Vocabulary__Grammar_and_Punctuation_Appendix.pdf [pdf 562KB] Click to download
File icon: pdf Year_6 curriculum.pdf [pdf 698KB] Click to download
File icon: pdf Year_6_Vocabulary__Grammar_and_Punctuation_Appendix.pdf [pdf 568KB] Click to download

Helpful Tips Supporting Your Child Read

''If you want your child to be intelligent, read them fairy tales. If you want them to be more intelligent, read them more fairy tales.''

Albert Einstein